On June 20, President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting with the members of the Constitutional Commission.
The Constitution of Uzbekistan is a solid legal basis for all the success achieved during the years of independence. Moreover, the life does not still stand, the worldview of our people is changing.
In recent years, the citizens have expressed many opinions about improving the Basic Law. In this regard, on May 20 this year the Constitutional Commission was established by the Councils of the Chambers of the Oliy Majlis. The Commission has received 48,492 proposals from the citizens over the past month.
The President has highly appreciated the activity of fellow countrymen, their sense of belonging to the future of the country, as well as expressed the vision of constitutional reforms at the meeting.
«The updated Constitution should create a solid legal basis and a reliable guarantee of long-term development strategies of our country, as a whole, its future prosperity and prosperous life of our people. In a word, having deeply introduced into the substance of our Constitution the idea of «In the name of human honor and dignity» and the «A Person – A Society – A State» approach, which is the main principle of our current reforms, we need to turn them into a main value of our daily life. In other words, human dignity, honor and pride should be in the first place in all the spheres now», Shavkat Mirziyoyev has said.
In his speech The President has focused on four priority areas and made the proposals for each of them.
A person, his life, freedom and dignity, inviolable rights and interests are indicated as the first direction.
«The elevation of human dignity should be a constitutional duty and a priority task of state authorities. These principles should be reflected in our updated Constitution, find their perfect legal solution», the President has said.
Emphasizing, the right to life is an inalienable right of every person, it is proposed to introduce a provision in the Constitution that «the death penalty is prohibited in Uzbekistan».
It is noted that it is necessary to state in the Basic Law that a person’s criminal record and the legal consequences arising from it cannot be the grounds for restricting the rights of his relatives.
The issues of strengthening the constitutional foundations of humane treatment of persons deprived of liberty were also considered.
While considering the cases of administrative, civil, economic, criminal liability and other areas, the measures of legal influence applied to a person should be sufficient to achieve a legitimate goal and, if possible, not burdensome for a person, the President has noted.
In the second direction, it was proposed to consolidate the idea of «Uzbekistan is a Social State» in the Constitution.
As it is well-known, decent living conditions are created in a social state for everyone, no one is left without attention, one on one with their problems. Therefore, it is proposed to reflect in the Basic Law the obligations of the state to provide housing for a population, strengthen the economic and spiritual foundations of a family, create all conditions for ensuring the interests and full development of children, support people with disabilities, as well as protect human health and environment.
«In a word, the state’s concern for men and women, families and children, youth and the elderly, persons with disabilities, all people, whether in the country or abroad, should be enshrined in the Constitution», Shavkat Mirziyoyev has said.
The third direction is to clearly define in the Constitution the status of a makhalla (the local neighborhood community area) and the responsibilities of state bodies in the process of interacting with it. Moreover, it was proposed to reflect the principle that makhalla is not part of the system of state authorities, can independently resolve the issues of local significance, receive support from a state for these purposes.
The fourth direction is the improvement of public administration, strengthening democracy.
«We are aimed at building a democratic state that lives by the concerns of the people. It means that a state, its bodies and officials work for the people, serve them. The public control over state power shall be established. I propose to introduce the norms into the Constitution that ensure openness, transparency and accountability in the activities of state bodies, as well as the compactness and economy of these bodies», the President has said.
Thus, the proposals have been put forward to expand the powers of the Oliy Majlis to form a government and ensure its effective functioning, transferring part of the powers of the President to the Oliy Majlis.
It was emphasized that it is time to exclude from the Constitution the provision that the khokims simultaneously head the councils of people’s deputies.
The President has proposed to introduce the institution of making the legislative proposals into the Constitution. Thanks to this rule, people will have the right to initiate laws. According to this provision, a group of at least 100 thousand citizens shall be able to submit their legislative proposals to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis.
The need for expanding the powers of the Government and defining in the Constitution the responsibilities of the Cabinet of Ministers and khokimiyats on ecology, youth, family support, social protection of persons with disabilities, development of public transport, creation of conditions for people’s recreation, and support of civil society institutions was also emphasized.
The importance of updating and improving the conceptual and legal framework of Uzbekistan’s foreign policy, taking into account the cardinal changes taking place in the world, was also noted.
The proposals summarized by the Constitutional Commission shall be submitted in the future as a legislative initiative to the Lower House of Parliament by deputies of the Legislative Chamber. They will be discussed in detail in the Parliament, which will prepare a draft of the updated Constitution. According to the current legislation, the Parliament has the authority to independently introduce amendments to the Constitution. However, the President has proposed to consider the draft Constitution at a national discussion and adopt it by a referendum.
«If we carry out a constitutional reform based on the opinions and support of our citizens, through a referendum, it will be a real expression of the will of our people – a truly people’s Constitution», the President has said.
In this regard, the President has called on the compatriots to take a more active part in the process of a constitutional reform.
«Our main goal is to ensure stability in the society and the progressive development of our unique country! I call on all our people to a unity and cohesion in achieving this great goal», Shavkat Mirziyoyev has said.
An open exchange of views took place at the meeting. The members of the Constitutional Commission expressed their opinions on the proposals of the population and the need for reforms.